Before discussing the causes of anxiety, let’s find out what anxiety is. Often it is put next to fear, believing that we are talking about its variety. However, fear is specific, associated with an event that is important in the life of an individual. For example, there is a fear of an exam, a panic before an operation. There is a significant real situation and human fears are faced with a real danger: in the first case – fail the exam, do not pass, get a low score, insufficient for entering a university, not go to college, change plans, look for a job, postpone education; in the second case, something will go wrong during the surgical intervention, an unexpected medical problem will arise, the person will have to limit his life, give up something.
If you ask a person who feels anxiety what the cause of the emotion is, he is unlikely to accurately name it. Rather, he will talk about anxiety for no reason, about a premonition of what may happen in the future. According to him, the threat is somewhere ahead, while it is not real, hiding in the imagination. However, anxious feelings are already manifesting at the level of the body:
♦ headache ,
♦ frequent urination,
♦ constipation or diarrhea,
♦ frequent breathing,
♦ increased sweating,
♦ other symptoms.
Anxiety is described as anxiety, a painful feeling, a feeling of emptiness in the epigastric region, which one really wants to get rid of. Emotion arises when a man or woman finds herself in an unfinished situation that she cannot influence, when personal activity is limited, one has to be patient and wait in the face of uncertainty for something important that has both a positive outcome and a negative or even unintended one. Such an experience can be described by a woman before a breast biopsy, especially if the puncture is a new experience for her.
How does anxiety manifest itself?
It depends on the age of the person, because children are also worried, including small ones who cannot speak. The baby may notice:
♦ muscle tension,
♦ fussy movements,
♦ anxiety in the look,
♦ crying ,
♦ cry .
Older children who can speak can express their feelings of anxiety in words, saying that they are restless, uncomfortable, scared, while the guys do not name the reason.
In adults, anxiety is visible in movements:
♦ frequent touching of hair,
♦ wrapping them around your finger,
♦ folding a handkerchief,
♦ button twist,
♦ scratching ,
♦ frequent smoking,
♦ fussy movements,
♦ nail biting and others.
Once I saw a woman constantly twisting a piece of paper with a queue number in her hands so intensely that a bank employee suggested that she hand over the piece of paper to throw it in the trash.
Sometimes a person seems to be afraid to call the feeling itself – anxiety.
Names other emotions:
♦ irritation ,
♦ anger ,
♦ sadness ,
♦ fear ;
♦ talks a lot
♦ interrupts the interlocutor.
The causes of anxiety leading to emotional discomfort are varied. It is difficult to rank them in order of importance due to the uniqueness of people. For some, problems with children, elderly parents, husband, wife, colleagues in the office cause high anxiety. Others worry about appearance, financial or sexual problems, the situation in the country, rising food prices.
R. Kociunas notes that anxiety often indicates an internal conflict between unacceptable impulses from the unconscious and psychic forces aimed at suppressing them.
Despite the fact that the external conditions for the appearance of anxiety are mentioned above, it comes from within, and events are triggers to maintain the existing conflict inside.
I will name some causes of anxiety, anxious unrest that schoolchildren may have:
♦ knowledge testing (examinations in subjects),
♦ fear of punishment from both parents and teachers,
♦ fear of upsetting father and mother,
♦ fear of making mistakes while answering the lesson,
♦ jitters about criticism from educators,
♦ horror before the ridicule and “jokes” of classmates,
♦ receiving an unsatisfactory mark (this is not only a deuce, but also a triple, a four for some children).