Anxiety in human life is a fairly common phenomenon. Some people experience it so often that they even get used to their condition. It is usually characterized by tension, a sense of threat, a tendency to worry about situations that are not actually dangerous. Can you deal with anxiety on your own? What ways does personality psychology offer to achieve this goal ? What signs in behavior can be used to understand that anxiety is a symptom of serious emotional disorders and requires that a person find a specialist’s phone and decide to make an appointment with a doctor?
Psychology of anxiety
Anxiety is a state during which anxiety, nervousness appears. A person, experiencing it, can not always be objective. If you look at his personality and life from the outside, it becomes clear that nothing terrible is happening to him, but his inner sensations speak of the opposite: he feels uncertainty in life, lack of strength, feels as if he is not able to make decisions, the world seems unsafe for him, he feels lonely, powerless and afraid of possible failures.
In addition to the fact that anxiety is reflected in the human psyche, his body also reacts to this condition: increased excitability, blood pressure, and tachycardia may occur . A person worries and worries, even when there is no serious reason for this – this is the psychology of an anxious state.
What Causes Lead to Anxiety?
- Experiencing intense stress in life. This can be a prolonged stressful situation, during which a person experienced strong feelings, but did not realize and did not experience them. This may be due to psychological trauma that occurred in childhood or adulthood. At the same time, a negative situation often has a long period of limitation, however, a person experiences its consequences as if it is repeated again and again in his life.
- Conflicting emotions and experiences, internal conflict, can also cause increased anxiety. This happens in cases where a person cannot make a decision. The inability to make a decision causes contradictory feelings: on the one hand, it is an understanding of the need to make a choice, and on the other, fear and doubts about the correctness of your decision. In such cases, if you cannot help yourself on your own, you need to find a specialist’s phone number – psychologists and psychiatrists deal with increased anxiety issues – and, having roughly indicated your problem, make an appointment with a doctor.
- Increased anxiety can also be the result of self-criticism. In such situations, a person evaluates his personality based on the opinions of others and social expectations. A person thinks badly of himself, condemns and scolds for mistakes. This leads to the fact that his self-esteem decreases, his internal resources cease to be active, and he begins to live in constant anxiety that he is not like everyone else, worse than others.
Anxiety and emotional experience
Specialists – psychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists – deal with anxiety. They work with the behavioral spectrum of a person, as well as prescribe medication. In rare cases, a person manages to cope with his symptoms on his own, because he does not have an understanding of the mechanisms of anxiety and its manifestations. What are they?
Anxiety is closely related to emotions. Experiences knock a person out of the usual rut of life, they can cause severe anxiety, apathy. At this time, he begins to experience emotions. To cope with them, a person needs to understand their cause, realize, live, if necessary, get a consultation from a psychologist or undergo long-term personal therapy.
Wanting to cope on his own, he “crushes” negative feelings in himself, trying with all his might to avoid their appearance. So, he does not allow emotions to come out, but his anxiety does not go away. The consequences of this state often manifest themselves at the bodily level: wanting to suppress feelings, a person commits obsessive actions – biting his lips, biting his nails, rubbing his palms, straightening his hair, keeping an internal oral count, experiencing obsessive thoughts. So, at the bodily level, emotions are manifested, which he actively ignores. If you do not investigate this condition and do not deal with it, then soon it can lead to a nervous breakdown, mental disorders.
Why is it better to make an appointment with a doctor?
The best way to reduce anxiety, if it does not yet have the form of a pathological condition, when a person needs drug treatment, is corrective work together with a psychotherapist. How does personal therapy help manage these symptoms?
During work, if a person is ready for it – to meet painful feelings, overcome his resistance – the therapist helps him explore the topic of his fears, which, in most cases, live only in his imagination. So, people with increased anxiety most often experience fear of death, loss, insanity, paralysis, fatal diseases. The fear of facing this has reasons that often hide psychological trauma.
Psychotherapy helps to live through the feelings that were caused by the trauma, to accept the situation as a fact and to find points of support within oneself that are resourceful. Thus, emotions that are closely associated with anxiety are not suppressed, but experienced in personal therapy. Human psychology after correctional work with specialists changes as follows:
the level of anxiety decreases;
the traumatic experience ceases to remind of itself and is perceived as a past event with which the person managed to cope;
accepted and conscious emotions turn into mental resources;
a person begins to accept himself in any state, stops scolding and condemning;
fear of the future decreases, there is a feeling of trust in oneself, people around and the world in general.