Today, skin diseases are treated in many ways, and modern pharmacological agents make it easy to cope with the main symptoms of dermatosis. If the correct approach is chosen for the treatment of the disease, then the symptoms of chronic dermatosis are successfully corrected, and some may even disappear forever. But in some cases, with especially severe and prolonged dermatosis, a special long-term and complex treatment is required, therefore, each case requires an individual approach by an experienced specialist, as well as strict compliance by the patient with all the main recommendations of the attending physician.
The main methods of treating dermatosis
When prescribing the treatment of dermatosis, the doctor always takes into account the history of the disease, its stage and form, associated pathologies, as well as the household and professional specifics of the patient. Among the main approaches to the treatment of dermatosis are:
- elimination of the cause of the disease;
- topical corticosteroids (in the treatment of severe symptoms);
- oral corticosteroids (in the treatment of widespread severe symptoms).
Elimination of the cause of the disease
Eliminating the causes of allergens or irritants is one of the most important points in the treatment of dermatosis. If the patient successfully manages to avoid the cause of such a violent reaction of the body, then all the symptoms will go away by themselves. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to avoid the cause of dermatosis, but an experienced doctor can help the patient minimize contact with the allergen.
As emollients are substances that have a corresponding effect on the skin, giving it smoothness and at the same time moisturizing it. Dermatosis leads to dry skin, the appearance of cracks on it, therefore, it is especially important to care for the affected areas of the skin, maintaining the desired humidity, and also preventing the further development of irritation. Softening creams can also act as a protective barrier for the affected skin, but they should not be selected independently, since in each case different creams are used.
With severe inflammation of the skin, accompanied by significant pain, the doctor can prescribe the use of topical corticosteroids to the patient – drugs that are applied directly to the lesion site. Properly selected ointment will quickly relieve inflammation. But it should be borne in mind that this type of medicine contains hormones and steroids. The type of topical corticosteroids is prescribed by the doctor in accordance with the severity, type and localization of dermatosis. The doctor may prescribe:
- potent topical corticosteroids for short-term use in severe dermatosis;
- sparing topical corticosteroids, with a mild form of dermatosis;
- sparing topical corticosteroids for the face, genitals, elbow and knee folds;
- potent topical corticosteroids for use in the palms, soles of the feet or in those areas of the face where the skin is quite thick.
In severe dermatosis, which covers very large areas of the skin, a dermatologist can prescribe oral corticosteroids to the patient. Depending on the effectiveness of their use, the dose may gradually decrease with treatment over a period of three to four weeks.
Additional treatments for dermatosis
As already mentioned, the treatment of dermatosis is complex, therefore, in addition to using the main therapeutic agents, it may include additional treatment:
- Compliance with the regimen of the day and diet, including permitted foods for allergies;
- taking immunosuppressants – drugs that suppress the body’s immune system;
- psychotherapeutic methods, especially when dermatosis is caused by mental disorders;
- Spa treatment.