Every person is afraid of something, feels fear of something. However, over time, this feeling disappears, and troubles are forgotten. Phobia is also fear, but uncontrollable, intrusive. It is impossible for him to get rid of, he is chasing a man everywhere. This is no longer a symptom, it is an internal state of a person, his diagnosis.
What are the symptoms of phobias?
Phobias are characterized by signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia, such as:
- discoloration of the skin – a person turns pale or red;
- palpitations become faster;
- breathing may slow, or be too frequent;
- increased activity, up to hysteria, or fading, inability to move;
- having trouble sleeping – insomnia;
- the appearance of headaches;
- aching joints, pain in the heart, trembling in the internal organs;
- tremor of limbs, especially hands;
- increased sweating;
- increased anxiety, sometimes fainting is possible.
Fear literally haunts a person in certain situations, when coming into contact with specific objects and subjects. At the same time, such a reaction does not lend itself to any explanation.
Phobias are quite common, but not always pronounced. Treatment is required only for those who have an ailment affecting the psyche, and there is no way to cope with it on their own.
Types of Phobias Encountered
Psychologists divide all phobias into three types:
- Specific phobias, that is, those that are associated with specific objects. These include phobias associated with medical activities, with the natural environment, with all kinds of animals, situational phobias.
- Social phobias – an unmotivated fear of any situations that arise in life, social situations.
- Agoraphobia – the fear of being trapped, trapped, in an unfamiliar place, or in an unforeseen situation.
The most common types of phobias
It seems that the list of phobias has no end, there are so many. At times, it is surprising what people may fear.
- Panaphobia – fear of everything and everyone
- Polyphophia is a fear of many things that are completely different for each individual.
- Neophobia – fear of any changes, all new.
- Anemophobia – a person is afraid of the air.
- Cryophobia – fear of frost, snow, ice.
- Scotophobia is a fear of the dark.
- Nephophobia – ordinary clouds scare.
- Eosophobia is a fear of daytime.
- Nicophobia is the fear of the night.
- Photophobia is a fear of the world.
- Fengophobia is a rejection of sunlight.
- Selaphobia is a fright before light flashes.
- Brontophobia – the horror of lightning and peals of thunder.
- Electrophobia is a fear of everything related to electricity.
- Selenophobia is a fear of the moon.
- Auroraphobia is a complete rejection of the northern lights.
- Ligirophobia is a fear of loud sounds.
- Astrophobia is fear at the sight of stars.
- Heliophobia is a fear of the sun.
- Antlophobia – fear of floods.
- Lilapsophobia is the fear of hurricanes.
- Xerophobia – fear of drought.
- Thalassophobia is the horror of the sea or the ocean.
- Ombrophobia is a fear of rain.
- Hydrophobia is a fear of water.
- Sciophophobia is a fear of shadows, even one’s own shadow.
- Acrophobia is a fear of heights.
- Dendrophobia is the horror of the sight of trees.
- Antrophobia – fear of flowers.
- Mycophobia is a fear of mushrooms.
- Gamophobia is the fear of getting married.
- Isophophobia – the fear of ever being completely alone.
- Tomophobia is a fear of any kind of surgery.
- Amatophobia is a fear of dust.
- Karnophobia is a fear of meat.
- Lachanophobia – fear of vegetables.
- Athenphosmophobia – fear of touch.
- Dichyphobia is a fear of an accident.
- Virginitifobia – fear of rape.
- Ohlophobia is the fear of the crowd.
- Rabdophobia is a horror of possible punishment, both physical and moral.
- Ripophobia – fear of getting dirty.
- Penterophobia – fear of mother-in-law.
- Androphobia is a fear of men.
- Atichiphobia – fear of failure.
- Zoophobia – fear of any animals.
- Claustrophobia – the fear of being in a confined space.
- Ofidiophobia – fear of snakes.
- Nicrophobia is a fear of death, and things related to dead people.
- Obesophobia – fear of fatness .
Phobias are successfully treated. The effectiveness of treatment depends on the individual, and the type of phobia that he suffers from. One of the methods is that the patient is placed in conditions when he “meets” with his fear face to face. A person must realize that nothing threatens him, and the fear of “this” is only the fruit of his imagination, phobia.
The second method teaches the patient not to be afraid of the situation, not to succumb to panic, but to apply the methods suggested by the psychologist, and helping to relieve anxiety and all kinds of fears. To do this, he is offered to look at the situation from the side, not participating in it.
He must see and understand that there is nothing wrong with what is happening. In some cases, treatment with drugs is possible. Classes in groups are very effective where patients can provide each other moral support. Often a phobia is a myth that you should get rid of.